Nilpotent groups

Abbreviation: NGrp

Definition

A nilpotent group is a group $\mathbf{G}=\langle G,\cdot,^{-1},1\rangle$ that is

nilpotent: if $Z_0=\{1\}$ and $\forall i(Z_{i+1}=\{x \in G : \forall y\ xyx^{-1}y^{-1} \in Z_i\})$ then $\exists n(Z_n=G)$

Remark: Note that $Z_1=Z(G)$, the center of $G$. The smallest $n$ for which $Z_n=G$ is the nilpotence class of $G$. E.g. Abelian groups are of nilpotence class 1.

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It is not unusual to give several (equivalent) definitions. Ideally, one of the definitions would give an irredundant axiomatization that does not refer to other classes.

Morphisms

Let $\mathbf{A}$ and $\mathbf{B}$ be nilpotent groups. A morphism from $\mathbf{A}$ to $\mathbf{B}$ is a function $h:A\rightarrow B$ that is a homomorphism: $h(x \cdot y)=h(x) \cdot h(y)$

Definition

An is a structure $\mathbf{A}=\langle A,...\rangle$ of type $\langle ...\rangle$ such that

$...$ is …: $axiom$

$...$ is …: $axiom$

Examples

Example 1:

Basic results

Properties

Finite members

$\begin{array}{lr} f(1)= &1\\ f(2)= &\\ f(3)= &\\ f(4)= &\\ f(5)= &\\ \end{array}$ $\begin{array}{lr} f(6)= &\\ f(7)= &\\ f(8)= &\\ f(9)= &\\ f(10)= &\\ \end{array}$

Subclasses

[[Abelian groups]]

Superclasses

[[Solvable groups]] supervariety

References