Loops

Abbreviation: Loop

Definition

A loop is a structure $\mathbf{A}=\langle A,\cdot ,\backslash,/,e\rangle $ of type $\langle 2,2,2,0\rangle $ such that

$(y/x)x = y$, $x(x\backslash y) = y$

$(xy)/y = x$, $x\backslash(xy) = y$

$e$ is an identity for $\cdot$: $xe = x$, $ex = x$

Remark:

Morphisms

Let $\mathbf{A}$ and $\mathbf{B}$ be loops. A morphism from $\mathbf{A}$ to $\mathbf{B}$ is a function $h:A\rightarrow B$ that is a homomorphism:

$h(xy)=h(x)h(y)$, $h(x\backslash y)=h(x)\backslash h(y)$, $h(x/y)=h(x)/h(y)$, $h(e)=e$

Examples

Example 1:

Basic results

Properties

Finite members

$\begin{array}{lr} f(1)= &1\\ f(2)= &1\\ f(3)= &1\\ f(4)= &2\\ f(5)= &6\\ f(6)= &109\\ f(7)= &23746\\ f(8)= &106228849\\ f(9)= &9365022303540\\ f(10)= &20890436195945769617\\ f(11)= &1478157455158044452849321016\\ \end{array}$

Subclasses

Superclasses

References